One of the first things that early colonists went after, as they tried to recreate Europe in the American wilderness, was iron. Iron ore had turned up on an
By 1776, up to 80 iron furnaces throughout the American colonies were producing about as much iron as Britain itself. If one estimate of 30,000
The iron industry of the middle colonies during the eighteenth century was centered on "iron American Manufacturers/3 says that the iron from all these.
Iron mining, refining, and manufacturing were at the core of early American industrial development. The iron industry was both the most capital-intensive to
The traditional date for the founding of the American iron industry is 1622. In that year the English-based Virginia Company of London first attempted to
Most early American ironworks extracted the iron ore from "bog iron" were sent under the command of Mr. Berkeley and iron production began in earnest.
Virginia, geology, iron, furnace, deposit, colonial. Through the 1600's, England relied upon its domestic iron industry and imports from Sweden to
As the colonies moved towards rebellion, iron forges expanded their capabilities beyond merely shipping smelted pig iron to England. Refinery
To explain the role of the Saugus Iron Works in the start of the American iron industry; 4. To define the role archeology can play in helping us
Thousands of colonial Americans worked day and night at some 30-odd forge and Iron production flourished in so unlikely an area as the Pine Barrens